India only country among top 5 largest steel producers in world to see growth in production; China, US see decline


India has emerged as the only nation among the many high 5 metal producers on the earth to witness development in manufacturing throughout April, whereas others skilled declines of as much as 7%.
In line with an ET report by Nikita Periwal, China, the worldwide chief in metal manufacturing, noticed its April output lower by over 7% year-on-year to 85.9 million tonnes. From January to April this yr, China’s manufacturing stood at 343.7 million tonnes, marking a 3% decline in comparison with 2023, in keeping with knowledge from the World Metal Affiliation.
India, the second-largest metal producer worldwide, recorded a 3.6% improve in manufacturing, reaching 12.1 million tonnes in April. The nation has achieved a powerful 8.5% development in manufacturing between January and April this yr, having produced 49.5 million tonnes of metal.
Japan, the USA, and Russia skilled a 2-6% year-on-year decline in metal manufacturing through the month. Other than India, the 4 largest steel-producing nations have additionally witnessed a drop of their manufacturing numbers in comparison with the earlier yr, contemplating the January-April interval, the monetary every day’s report mentioned.
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The info means that whereas metal consumption in India remained robust, the worldwide demand for metal is but to get better. Sehul Bhatt, director for analysis at CRISIL Market Intelligence and Analytics, informed ET, “Excessive rates of interest and inflation have culled demand from steel-consuming sectors within the western world. In 2023, crude metal manufacturing development was flat on-year. It’s anticipated to be rangebound in 2024.”
This pattern has impacted the March quarter earnings of most Indian steel-makers, as their promoting costs have been affected by excessive metal imports into the nation. Studies point out that India imported 600,000 tonnes of metal from China within the January-March interval, an almost 60% improve in comparison with the earlier yr.
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Bhatt of CRISIL added, “Globally, metal costs are beneath stress due to sluggish demand. This has additionally stored costs in India beneath examine thus far. Whereas this isn’t a very good tiding for metal mills, weak iron ore and coking coal costs since February are supportive for his or her revenue margins.”
The costs of hot-rolled coils of metal, used as a benchmark, have been down almost 10% year-on-year within the March quarter. Nevertheless, costs have began to see an uptick in latest weeks, aligning with the pricing pattern in world markets.





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