Beneath Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik’s stewardship, Odisha has transitioned from a backward State right into a thriving growth laboratory with outstanding progress when it comes to human growth indices.
the night of the Odia New 12 months Day on April 14, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik was in a jubilant temper as he unveiled the official emblem of the FIH Hockey Males’s World Cup 2023 on the Kalinga Stadium in Bhubaneswar. Odisha will host the distinguished match from January 13 to 29 in 2023.
“It is an honour and delight for me to unveil the emblem of the FIH Hockey Males’s World Cup for the second consecutive time,” he mentioned. “Because the countdown begins, I welcome the world to witness one more high-quality spectacle of hockey,” he added.
The fifteenth version of the FIH Hockey Males’s World Cup will probably be staged in Bhubaneswar and Rourkela. The nation’s largest hockey stadium with a seating capability of 20,000 is being constructed in Rourkela. Hockey India and Odisha will host the marquee occasion for the second time within the nation after efficiently conducting the occasion on the Kalinga Stadium in 2018.
In some ways, the story of Indian hockey lately—particularly the steadily bettering efficiency of the lads’s and girls’s nationwide groups, repeatedly touching international requirements of excellence—may nicely be a metaphor for the State of Odisha and the dynamic “new age governance” that it has attained beneath the management of Naveen Patnaik and his get together, the Biju Janata Dal (BJD).
A couple of years in the past, the nationwide hockey groups had been desperately searching for respectable sponsorships from established establishments and authorities organisations, with out a lot success. The Odisha authorities then stepped in with enough funds and sponsored the women and men’s groups. It lately introduced that its sponsorship would proceed till 2033, guaranteeing regular assist for the groups. Odisha has additionally been constructing state-of-the-art infrastructure for hockey. Stalwarts of Indian hockey, together with present and former gamers, have unanimously emphasised that the enviable report of each the nationwide groups lately is straight linked to this assist. No marvel that Naveen Patnaik appeared particularly blissful as he unveiled the emblem of the FIH Hockey Males’s World Cup.
This is only one instance of the progress Odisha is witnessing in a quiet and non-triumphal approach beneath the management of Naveen Patnaik for over 20 years now.
A sea change
Naveen Patnaik assumed workplace as Chief Minister at a time when coastal Odisha was in a shambles within the aftermath of the 1999 tremendous cyclone. Thousands and thousands of individuals had been in want of reduction and rehabilitation. The State’s economic system was additionally in a precarious situation. The state of affairs has undergone a sea change since then. The State that was earlier identified for its backwardness has been rated by worldwide monitoring companies as one of many superior States in combating pure disasters.
Studying from its expertise of dealing with frequent cyclones, floods and droughts, the federal government began adopting a zero-casualty method within the occasion of pure disasters. Evacuating lakhs of individuals from coastal areas and offering them secure shelter forward of cyclones has helped stop lack of human lives in as many as seven cyclones for the reason that tremendous cyclone.
From planning to motion
Patnaik (75), who began his political profession after the demise of his father, Biju Patnaik, in 1997, has been working silently to script the success story for Odisha. His first stint as Chief Minister was marked by proactive and detailed planning, which resolutely underscored the federal government’s intention to ascertain a optimistic, welfare mannequin of governance. Following this strategy planning stage within the first two years (2000-2002), the federal government moved to a proactive motion mode that lined nearly all realms of life, in line with the bureaucrats, technocrats and lecturers who’ve labored intently with the Chief Minister.
They level out that Naveen Patnaik has caught to this proactive mode via 5 consecutive phrases as Chief Minister. He labored steadily and steadfastly to grasp his dream of a brand new Odisha that might meet the aspirations of its folks by remodeling the State in varied spheres, be it the welfare of susceptible sections of society or promotion of sports activities.
Odisha is likely one of the quickest rising States within the nation at current, boasting a progress price a lot greater than the nation’s GDP progress price of 8.8 per cent. Its per capita revenue grew by 16.8 per cent in 2020-21. The common progress of per capita revenue during the last 10 years has been 10.3 per cent, in opposition to the nationwide common of 9.15 per cent.
The federal government’s prudent monetary administration over time has resulted in a major discount in poverty. The speed of poverty, which stood at 57 per cent in 2005-06, had come all the way down to round 24 per cent to 32.61 per cent in 2011-12. In response to the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) 2021 of NITI Aayog, Odisha’s MPI rating is 0.136 in opposition to the nation’s 0.118. When it comes to headcount ratio, 29.35 per cent of the inhabitants in Odisha is recognized as multidimensionally poor, which locations Odisha forward of all different States in composite fiscal efficiency index. When it comes to discount in MMR (maternal mortality ratio), Odisha has been performing higher than different States. It’s also performing higher in coping with losing and stunting of kids.
A yr after Naveen Patnaik grew to become Chief Minister in 2000, the Kashipur block in Rayagada district hit the headlines following the demise of at the very least 20 individuals who had consumed gruel fabricated from mango kernel. Rayagada was adjoining to Kalahandi district, which prior to now was depicted throughout the globe as a logo of starvation and stark poverty. The scene has modified dramatically. “Kalahandi is now not a laboratory of poverty however a rice bowl and a mannequin of growth,” Naveen Patnaik mentioned in January 2021 whereas inaugurating an irrigation challenge within the district that was anticipated to learn over three lakh farmers throughout 25,275 hectares. “Kalahandi alone provides as a lot rice because the mixed amount of 10 States to the central treasury. All this has been attainable due to the robust will of the farmers of Kalahandi and the robust will of the folks,” he mentioned.
When Kashipur was within the information for all of the fallacious causes, the federal government ensured that households dwelling under the poverty line obtained 16 kg of rice at Rs.4.75 a kg each month. The situation modified progressively throughout the State, and there have been no hunger deaths for a few years now.
Together with the enlargement of the meals safety programme, the State authorities took on further monetary burden, over and above the subsidy that the Centre pays, to make rice accessible to the poor at low costs by launching the ‘Rs.2 a kg rice’ scheme on August 1, 2008. The worth of rice was additional lowered to Re.1 a kg from February 2013. Naveen Patnaik didn’t cease there. His authorities launched a meals safety scheme on October 2, 2018, to learn 25 lakh individuals who had been disregarded of the Nationwide Meals Safety Act. “On Gandhi Jayanti, launched Odisha’s personal meals safety scheme to learn 25 lakh susceptible populace that had been excluded from protection; ample and nutritious meals is a primary want and prerequisite for a wholesome Odisha, as part of our resolve to eradicate starvation in Odisha,” he mentioned in a tweet after launching the scheme.
Augmenting income era
Within the late Nineteen Nineties and early 2000s, Odisha was thought of one of the fiscally confused amongst all normal class States. The State’s debt–GSDP ratio in 2002-03 was 50.73 per cent, in contrast with the nationwide common of about 34 per cent. The liquidity place was in unhealthy form and treasuries had been nearly closed for many days; the State barely managed to disburse its workers’ salaries.
The turnaround was made attainable by augmenting income era and rationalising expenditure as per the phrases and circumstances of the MoUs signed with the Centre, first in 1999 after which in 2001. The income augmentation measures included introduction of taxes on professions in 2000, introduction of VAT (value-added tax) in 2005, use of IT-based instruments in tax administration for bettering compliance, periodic revision of charges of assorted tax and non-tax revenues and month-to-month evaluations of income assortment.
The federal government enacted the Fiscal Duty and Price range Administration Act in 2005, following the suggestions of twelfth Finance Fee and subsequently made vital amendments to the FRBM Act as per the suggestions of thirteenth and 14th Finance Commissions. The State has adhered to all of the parameters envisaged within the FRBM Act yearly since then. Additional, there was a decline within the common price of borrowing from 12.6 per cent in 1999-2000 to about 6.7 per cent in 2020-21. The debt inventory/GSDP ratio, which was as excessive as 50.73 per cent in 2002-03, has been introduced down to twenty.5 per cent in 2020-21 in opposition to the goal stage of 25 per cent. The State’s income deficit was as excessive as 5.38 per cent of the GSDP in 1999-2000. Nonetheless, it may obtain income surplus after a niche of twenty-two years in 2005-06 and has been sustaining a income surplus thus far.
As a inexperienced initiative, the State has diminished bodily printing of finances paperwork from 500 units to 200 units and now distributes finances paperwork electronically to stakeholders. The end result: a discount within the variety of printed pages by 57 lakhs, which implies that about 700 massive timber are saved. The State intends to modify over to finish paperless digital budgeting within the coming years.
Street communication throughout the State has improved. The as soon as backward district of Malkangiri, which had a powerful Maoist presence, now boasts higher roads and hospitals with good infrastructure. As regulation and order stays beneath management, the actions of Left-wing extremists have additionally seen a outstanding decline.
Empowering girls, farmers
Empowerment of girls has been one of many key growth initiatives of the Naveen Patnaik authorities. The Mission Shakti programme that he launched in 2001 has greater than six lakh Girls’s Self-Assist Teams (WSHGs) with over 70 lakh as members.
Because the Mission gained power, a separate Directorate was created beneath the Division of Girls and Baby Growth. Subsequently, a separate Mission Shakti Division was created in 2021 to assist strengthen the initiatives undertaken by totally different authorities companies and produce them on one platform to make sure better focus.
Aside from offering the seed cash and revolving fund for the WSHGs, facilitating credit score linkages, implementing curiosity subvention schemes and guaranteeing market linkage to SHG merchandise, the State has handed over all unused authorities properties in panchayats to the SHGs federated beneath the Mission to make use of these for social and financial uplift of the world. The federal government had additionally roped within the WSHGs for offering cooked meals to migrant employees returning residence through the COVID-19 pandemic. The federal government has taken proactive measures to assist small and marginal farmers, landless agricultural labourers and sharecroppers beneath the Krushak Help for Livelihood and Revenue Augmentation (KALIA) scheme by offering them monetary help. There have been no main farmers’ agitation for the reason that scheme was launched in January 2019, and the scheme has offered monetary safety to the beneficiaries, who’ve stopped going to moneylenders for loans. A sum of Rs. 1,874 crore has been earmarked for the KALIA scheme within the Price range for 2022-23.
The Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana (BSKY), a wise well being card scheme that got here into impact in September 2021, is predicted to learn about 3.5 crore folks. It gives households with annual cashless health-care protection of as much as Rs.5 lakh, whereas girls are eligible for an annual cowl of as much as Rs.10 lakh. The beneficiaries can avail themselves of health-care providers in about 200 hospitals throughout the nation.
Odisha is a frontrunner in strengthening the Panchayati Raj establishments. Naveen Patnaik elevated reservation of seats for girls in PRIs to 50 per cent from the 33 per cent mandated by his father, the late Biju Patnaik. He has additionally reserved 50 per cent seats for girls within the city native our bodies. His Janata Dal reserved 33 per cent of Lok Sabha seats within the State for girls within the 2019 elections.
Battling Covid-19 on the grass roots
When COVID struck, Odisha declared the pandemic a catastrophe from the start. It concerned the gram panchayats in battling the pandemic and bestowed sarpanches with the powers of a District Collector to take care of the state of affairs when circumstances began growing with the return of Odia migrant employees from different States. The sarpanches in 6,798 gram panchayats labored dedicatedly within the administration of quarantine centres and different COVID-care establishments after the State authorities accorded front-line warrior standing to them and introduced Rs.50 lakh as compassionate help for members of the family if any sarpanch died within the pandemic.
COVID-19 therapy was offered freed from price. As many as 57 COVID hospitals and 46 COVID-care centres had been arrange in numerous elements of the State with 6,673 beds and a couple of,544 ICU beds. The variety of complete exams executed was 3,12,00,012 till the third week of April this yr, with 95.87 per cent testing detrimental and 4.13 per cent testing optimistic. Of the 12,87,998 individuals who had examined optimistic, 12,78,737 had recovered whereas 9,124 had died and 84 had been present process therapy as on April 25.
The State has been taking drastic measures to make all of the city centres slum-free via the Jaga Mission. The transformation of all slums into habitable habitats is being achieved via a variety of interventions by provisioning for in-situ and heritable land rights, in-situ upgradation of all slums with 9 primary infrastructure elements, and rehabilitation of slums from environmentally hazardous areas to well-planned new habitats created at appropriate locations.
In response to the 2011 Census, 23.09 per cent of the city inhabitants of the State — nearly 500,000 households — was dwelling in slums in 114 city native physique areas with none safety of tenure. In 2017, the State handed the Odisha Land Rights to Slum Dwellers Act in recognition of slum dwellers’ contribution to the cities’ economic system. This landmark piece of laws, which goals to learn each landless one who lives in a slum in municipalities and notified space councils, is the primary of its sort within the nation.
The Jaga Mission is being applied in all the two,938 slums in 114 city native our bodies. A complete of 1.75 lakh households got land rights beneath the scheme and 585 slums had been transformed into mannequin colonies, mentioned Naveen Patnaik whereas addressing newly elected Mayors and chairpersons of ULBs, on city governance and initiatives on March 25 this yr.
Naveen Patnaik has additionally introduced that the MUKTA (Mukhyamantri Karma Tatpara Abhiyan) Yojana, which was began by the State authorities through the COVID-19 pandemic for the city poor and migrant employees, will proceed. A provision of Rs. 500 crore has been made for the scheme within the 2022-23 finances.
The enlargement of the infrastructure for provide of consuming water had not stored tempo with the speed of urbanisation of the State. Poor service protection, intermittent provide and high-water losses had been the predominant challenges. To deal with the issue, the federal government now locations better stress on bettering the extent of city consuming water providers with simpler and equitable entry for all classes of individuals. The investments within the city water provide sector have elevated by about 20 instances lately. With common protection nearly achieved, the federal government has moved into greater orbits in consuming water provide with Mission Drink from Faucet. The mission has been applied in Puri and is being expanded to cowl 20 different city centres.
Odisha’s mining sector has began producing substantial income. Whereas round 61,000 employees had been employed straight in main mineral actions, as per the estimates accessible as much as December 2021, complete mineral revenues in 2020-21 was Rs.32,485 crore (provisional). The soar in mineral income permits the State to direct spending in the direction of developmental functions.
Furthermore, being in energy for the fifth consecutive time period has helped Naveen Patnaik execute a profitable transformation course of, making Odisha an empowered State by permitting freedom to the paperwork and making governance clear. The transformation is seen in all corners—be it group well being centres, faculties or the key spiritual centres that entice a lot of pilgrims and vacationers.