Poland demands $1.3 trillion in World War II reparations from Germany

WARSAW, Poland (AP) — Poland’s international minister on Monday signed an official notice to Germany requesting the cost of about $1.3 trillion in reparations for the damage incurred by occupying Nazi Germans throughout World Battle II.

Zbigniew Rau stated the notice might be handed to Germany’s Overseas Ministry. The signing comes on the eve of Rau’s assembly in Warsaw with German Overseas Minister Annalena Baerbock, who will attend a safety convention.

Rau stated the notice expresses his view that the 2 sides ought to take motion “immediately” to handle the consequences of Germany’s 1939-45 occupation in a “lasting and sophisticated, legally binding in addition to materials means.”

He stated that would come with German reparations in addition to fixing the problem of looted artworks, archives and financial institution deposits. He stated Berlin ought to make efforts to tell German society concerning the “true” image of the struggle and its disastrous results on Poland.

Warsaw says that cost of reparations would strengthen bilateral relations by way of fact and justice and would shut painful chapters from the previous. Germany says the matter was closed a long time in the past.

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Baerbock stated in Berlin earlier than departing for Poland that the 2 European neighbors and companions have a “duty to protect the belief we’ve constructed collectively over the previous 30 years.”

Baerbock burdened that “this consists of that coming to phrases with and remembering the immeasurable struggling that Germany introduced upon the individuals of Poland.”

“There can’t and won’t be a line drawn right here,” Baerbock stated.

Poland’s right-wing authorities argues that the nation hasn’t been totally compensated by neighboring Germany, which is now one in all its main companions throughout the European Union.

On the struggle’s 83rd anniversary, Sept. 1, Poland’s authorities offered an intensive report on the damages, estimating it on the $1.3 trillion determine.

Poland’s authorities rejects a 1953 declaration by the nation’s then communist leaders, below strain from the Soviet Union, that Poland wouldn’t make any additional claims on Germany.

Germany argues compensation was paid to Japanese Bloc nations within the years after the struggle, whereas territories that Poland misplaced within the east as borders have been redrawn have been compensated with a few of Germany’s prewar lands. Berlin calls the matter closed. It was Moscow that determined Poland would obtain solely a small fraction of the compensation.

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Within the Nineties Germany paid one-time compensation to former inmates of Nazi focus camps and to victims of pressured labor, together with many Poles.

Regardless of good bilateral relations, Poland’s strongest politician, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, has not too long ago made more and more hostile remarks about Germany, recalling its wartime guilt and alleging that it’s dominating the European Union.

Critics see that as techniques geared toward rallying backing forward of common elections scheduled subsequent fall. Opinion polls counsel the ruling Legislation and Justice celebration and its allies will lose the slender majority that now permits them to go laws with out negotiating with different events.

Senate Speaker Tomasz Grodzki, a member of the opposition, stated anti-German rhetoric was shaping as much as be the ruling celebration’s mantra for the upcoming election — that voting towards the ruling celebration was voting towards Poland’s pursuits.

“That is evident nonsense; it’s unfaithful. It’s a determined try at protection towards surveys that present falling help,” Grodzki stated.

Round 6 million of Poland’s residents, together with 3 million Jews, have been killed within the struggle. A few of them have been victims of the Soviet Purple Military that invaded from the east.

Kirsten Grieshaber in Berlin contributed to this report.

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